How to Start an Organic Farming Business

August 19, 2014 | By | Reply More

organic farming business

If you have access to land and love growing plants and livestock, consider starting an organic farming business. With the increased focus on healthy living, there is a growing demand for foods grown organically. To minimize or lessen toxins in the body, people are buying organic food products even if these items are usually priced at a premium, selling for 20-100 percent more than non-organically produced foods.

Below is a graphic from the study of the Organic Trade Association showing how the demand for organic food has grown in recent years:

demand for organic farming

Organic farming has transformed from a cottage industry into a billion-dollar industry. The Organic Trade Association reports that “U. S. sales of organic food and beverages have grown from $1 billion in 1990 to an estimated $29.22 billion in 2011, up 9.4 percent from 2010.” Retail sales of organic products have increased steadily for the past ten years, growing at a compounded rate of 22.74% over that period.

An organic farmer grows fruits, vegetables and herbs without using pesticides or premixed chemical fertilizers. Some of the techniques used include crop rotations, use of composted animal manures and green manure crops, and other farming strategies that maintain biological diversity and replenish soil fertility.

Starting an Organic Farming Business

You need to have access to land for this business, although some are growing organic produce in their backyards, even basements for some plant varieties. You need to have the patience to trade short-term economic returns for longer “ecological” benefits. You also need to have extensive knowledge and skills in planting, growing patterns, types of pests, plant disease and other important aspects to enable you to produce crops of sufficient quality and quantity. Additionally you’ll need equipment to farm. Going for smaller, used equipment is suitable. For instance, smaller Kubota tractors are suitable for farmers starting out.

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There are a number of ways to earn money from this business. You can sell your organically produced food products directly to consumers at farmer’s markets, swap meets or roadside produce stands in well-traveled areas. You can also sell wholesale to grocery stores, health food stores, restaurants and groceries. Or you can process your products and create edible and delicious condiments like jam, jelly, pickles, relish and many other things. You can then sell these items directly in your own retail store or online ecommerce store; or you can supply to other retailers. Remember that all organic products marketed in the United States are regulated by the National Organic Standards developed by the US Department of Agriculture.

One other source of revenue for this business is the sale of seeds from your organically grown plants to nurseries, garden supply stores, or through mail order. The Web and mail order are important distribution channels for this business, particularly if you are selling dried organic produce.

How to Raise Funds for Starting an Organic Farming Business

One possible source for funding an organic farming business is through microloans. The USDA Farm Loan Programs offer microloans up to $35,000 for initial start-up expenses, annual expenses such as seeds and fertilizers, purchase of livestock, among others.

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There are a number of grants available for organic farming. However, most of these grants are available for existing organic farms, and rarely for starting an organic farm. These grant funds typically focuses on funding research or education/outreach projects on agricultural production and policy-related topic of concern to organic farmers or ranchers. Some grants provide funding for crop breeding and organic seed quality.

Some resources to help you search for grants on organic farming are:

Recommended Books on Starting an Organic Farming Business:


Jenny Fulbright

Jenny Fulbright

Jenny Fulbright is a writer for

How to Start an Organic Farming Business
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How to Start an Organic Farming Business
If you have access to land and cultivating plants, consider starting an organic farming business. With the increased focus on healthy living, there is a growing demand for foods grown organically.
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