Credit and Debt
Donny protected his country. As a firefighter trained to fight large forest
fires he was sent around the country to protect people and property from the
forces of nature. Americans could go about their daily business, could sleep
safe at night with their families because of Donny and his firefighting unit,
experts at fighting wildfires, preserving forests, and protecting family homes.
He felt satisfaction in knowing what he did mattered.
Donny was a recent college graduate. Like over a third of all college
graduates he had $20,000 in student loan debt to pay off. Like over half of all
college students he had more than two credit cards with an unpaid balance of
over $2,000. In Donny's case the amount was $4,500. His first card had been
burdened with charges to impress a worthy coed. The relationship didn't last.
The debt did. His second card was from a national department store chain. He
received 10 percent off everything in the store when he applied for the card. He
was still paying off several of the shirts he no longer wore. Donny had recently
financed the purchase of a new Ford F-150. It was a great truck he needed to
have. He was certain he could make all of the payments. The local fire
department paid him like clockwork.
Donny was sent to fight a huge summer fire in Oregon. Another mission,
another job to do. In the past, when on the fire lines, Donny had always been
able to receive his bills and make payments on a timely basis. Then a white
powder was found on an envelope at his local post office. It was anthrax. The
post office was shut for three weeks while the matter was carefully
investigated. The mail didn't move for another six weeks.
Donny didn't receive his bills. Meanwhile, the Oregon wildfire threatened
towns and property in all directions. He was on the lines for seemingly the
entire summer. Like all the other firefighters in his unit, he assumed that the
creditors were aware of the situation and would arrange a grace period for
payment. After all, they were serving their country.
But the creditors didn't care what Donny was doing. He was now two payments
late on all his bills. That was all that mattered. Explanations, whether
reasonable, justified, or good, were just excuses. And all excuses were bad.
Donny's credit card had a Universal Default Clause, one of the most odious of
all credit traps. By being one day late on any payment to any creditor, the
credit card company could charge a default rate on any existing balance of up to
29.99 percent. This meant that in Donny's case he had to pay an extra $2,500 a
year for being one month late on another creditor's bill.
Donny missed two car payments while fighting the huge Oregon fire and the
F-150 was repossessed. Because he had just purchased it, the money owed far
exceeded the artificially low value it was sold for at auction.
Finally the horrendous Oregon wildfire was brought under control. Donny and
scores of other firefighters returned home from a very difficult mission. In
gratitude, the country's financial establishment unleashed a torrent of debt
collection sharks on the returning heroes.
The firefighters were incensed. They had served their country. Through no
fault of their own the mail had been delayed. Under such circumstances a little
leeway was appropriate. If they were in the military, the Service Members Civil
Relief Act would have shielded them from credit sharks. Why shouldn't
fire-fighters be equally protected? But the creditors didn't care. They had
rules and standards. And they made a great deal of money when people were late
in paying. Some of the firefighters were now being forced into bankruptcy. Many
lost their homes; many had their futures seriously delayed. A number of them
wrote their congressmen demanding relief from the ingratitude of the nation's
credit establishment. But individual firefighters don't contribute to Congress.
Credit card companies, leasing companies, banks, and other lenders spend
millions and millions of dollars to influence Congress. There was no contest.
Donny was forced to declare bankruptcy. The next seven years were financial
hell. He couldn't borrow to buy a house or start a business. He had a black mark
on his record he worried about and worked every day to overcome. All for the
privilege of serving his country.
Dewey liked to play the angles. If there was an opportunity for him to take
advantage of a situation or of someone else he would do so. Especially if it
meant easy money without the need for work. Recently, Dewey had turned to new
credit card and bank account deals. The FBI called it identity theft, and
claimed it was the fastest growing crime in America. Dewey preferred to call it
selective borrowing, and it was so easy and so lucrative he wished he'd known
about it sooner.
Dewey had learned that by obtaining someone's Social Security number along
with basic personal information he could obtain a credit card and a bank
account. The accounts would be in the unsuspecting person's name but available
for the use and benefit of Dewey, who moved from city to city to ply his special
Dewey had just obtained the personal information from an elderly gentleman
named John Logan. It was all so easy. He called up Mr. Logan pretending to be a
utility company representative. He said he needed the information to update the
company's files. Mr. Logan was all too nice and willing and forthcoming.
Dewey's friend could forge a driver's license to perfection. His friend's
business used to be geared for underaged teens who wanted to go bar hopping. The
market now was for sharpies like Dewey. With Dewey's photo and driver's license
carrying John Logan's information and an address controlled by Dewey, the plan
was put in motion. Dewey opened a bank account in John Logan's name. He paid a
few small bills and maintained good credit for a time. Then Dewey obtained a
credit card in Logan's name. All was ready to prime the credit pump.
With the credit card Dewey bought as much electronics as the card would
allow. TVs, stereos, and computers were easily fenced for cash. Dewey felt no
remorse. The credit card companies and the national electronics retail chain
made more than enough money. They could easily afford Dewey's hit. So could old
Mr. Logan for that matter.
With his bank account Dewey wrote a large number of checks on one weekend to
a number of small retail outlets around town. The smaller stores didn't have the
ability to check cash availability. It was the weekend. The banks were closed.
They took down John Logan's driver's license information and Dewey loaded up a
rental U-Haul truck with his purchases.
By the time the checks started bouncing Dewey was hundreds of miles away
getting ready for his next selective borrowing.
Unlike the credit card charges, which were absorbed by the credit card
company and passed on to consumers around the world in the form of higher
prices, the small retailers Dewey hit were not so lucky. When the bounced checks
came back the retailer was responsible. They were out the money they paid for
the goods they handed over to Dewey.
This type scam also costs the John Logans of the world dearly. The calls from
the creditors and collection agencies, even when one is innocent, take their
toll. The crushing financial and resulting emotional stress of a stolen identity
is too much for many to take. For John Logan a stroke followed. He died shortly
The cases of Donny and Dewey serve to illustrate the extremes and the ironies
of credit and debit issues.
The credit industry actively entices all comers, especially the young and
inexperienced, with the promise of credit. Critics charge their aggressive
practices border on predatory lending, taking unfair advantage of those who
shouldn't be borrowing. Whatever the case, the easy availability of credit
encourages two types of people to sign up who shouldn't: those represented by
Donny and those represented by Dewey.
Donny, fresh from college with student loans, two credit cards, and a truck
payment, is starting his career on the edge of the credit abyss. If he doesn't
work he is in trouble. Dewey, always ready to play the angles, has found a
career taking advantage of the credit industry's willingness to lend, allowing
him to work causing trouble. To combat the Deweys of the world the credit
industry responds with rules and a rigidity that moves the Donnys closer to the
abyss. One missed payment, anytime, for any reason, be it anthrax or cows in the
road slowing the mail, and the machinery of negative credit starts to grind. A
free fall ensues. Lives are ruined.
The irony of this scenario is how the credit industry treats each individual.
Dewey is a cost of doing business. His fraud is known and accounted in their
budgets as an expense factor. The cost is spread out over the entire industry
with millions and millions of consumers footing the bill as increased costs.
Donny, on the other hand, the deserving and ethical individual and a victim
of circumstance, is a casualty of doing business. He had his chance, argue
industry experts, and he missed a payment. He will be punished until he can be
trusted once again.
And so in this upside-down world where criminality is a cost and inadvertence
amounts to a crime it is important to know the rules, the motivations, and the
road map for winning with credit.
Copyright © 2004 by Garrett Sutton, Esq.