INTRODUCTION: A LESSON FROM
This book offers a pleasant alternative to learning from your mistakes:
Learn from mine. My mistakes began with Selling the Invisible. Because
clients love experts and no one looks more expert than an author, many
people called me after the book appeared, often with invitations to speak to
their companies. Naturally, I accepted. I went. I spoke. I bombed.
I flew to Miami to address a leading telecommunications firm. I covered
the subjects the employees had loved in the book, but the number of people
checking their watches seemed a bad sign. I stumbled on until the clock
mercifully signaled the end. My host grabbed my arm as I staggered from the
podium and promised a postmortem in a few minutes. I waited for him in the
hotel lobby as the audience members filed by me as if I were hosting a
virus. Minutes later my client appeared, sat down at the lobby table, and
began the background for this book.
"Good material, really. But let me give you a tip. "You
mispronounced our president's name. Three times. That threw everyone
I had made the president and his company sound as if they did not matter
to me. The employees felt slighted, and because of that, they did not like
me— and my speech.
Off to Chicago to talk to some food distributors. Again I covered the
content they had loved in the book—and correctly pronounced their key
people's names. They responded better, but dozens of decibels short of a big
I knew why as I sat back down. I had viewed the audience as my enemy. I
resented their power to judge me; they were blockading my romp to happiness.
Because I resented them, many of them felt uncomfortable; something seemed
off—and because of that, my speech did, too. Clients feel about a service
the way they feel about the provider. Next stop, Tucson, I was determined to
like that audience. I even carried a Post-it to the podium that read:
Engage, Help, Smile.
This seemed to work. Everyone listened, laughed, and teared up at the
sentimental moments. My slump had ended.
No, it hadn't. After hearing many compliments as I left the meeting room,
I walked through the hotel lobby and down a corridor to the gift shop. I had
just started to study a stuffed javelina when a man with a sticker that read
"Bend, Oregon," beelined toward me with what I assumed would be a
"Right up to the end you were a 10. You had us in your palms,"
he said. "Then you mentioned being divorced. After that, it was a 1.
Ruined everything." Who was this person who could be sidetracked by
something so irrelevant?
A typical client. In this new world, technical skills matter; they pay
the entry fees. But many clients can afford that fee, and most clients
cannot distinguish one firm's skill from another's. Competence gets firms
into a game that relationships win.
My first book discussed the importance of relationships briefly. My
fingers may have been racing on the keyboard, but my heart was in neutral. I
still believed that competence wins and superior competence wins constantly.
My mistake. This book is the lessons from those and other mistakes and
the successes of many companies, huge and small. It explores the loves of
clients, shaped and altered by four significant social changes. Every
business that understands and harnesses these changes, which introduce each
of the next four sections, should thrive.
After those four sections, this book explores how to design a better
business. The Appendix includes questions that readers can use during that
phase. The book concludes by discussing the most valuable traits of people
in this Evolved Economy. Clients love these traits; they have forever. I
have loved exploring these ideas and hope you find insight, inspiration, and
many tools here that will help you grow—and enjoy doing it.
Harry Beckwith October 1, 2002
DRAWING YOUR BLUEPRINTS
Your Possible Business
Forget benchmarking. It only reveals what others do, which rarely is
enough to satisfy, much less delight, today's clients.
Forget studying critical success factors, although the Japanese built an
apparent economic dynasty by focusing on them. That dynasty was merely
apparent because their foundation question was flawed. The question,
"What has made companies in our industry successful?" leads you to
the old answers—which leads you to copy and refine rather than innovate.
(The Japanese "dynasty's" preferred copy-and-refinement method
was to improve product quality and build at lower cost-two huge American
weaknesses at that time. This resulted in $700 VCRs that could be profitably
sold for $400, and gave the Japanese a huge but temporary advantage. Because
the Japanese approach was a simple refinement of the "critical success
factors" in the electronics industries, however, American companies
were able to copy the Japanese formula quickly, by tightening quality
control and outsourcing their labor to lower-wage countries.)
Never mind what clients say they want. No client ever asked for ATMs,
negotiable certificates of deposit, heated car seats, Asia de Cuba,
traveler's checks, Disneyland, Cirque du Soleil, or Siegfried and Roy, and
no one outside a few thousand techies asked for home computers. Clients
never said they wanted any of these things.
Their creators simply created them, sensing that people would love them.
The extraordinary successes—Federal Express, Lion King the play, and
Citicorp as three enormous examples, and Powell's Bookstores, Creative
Kidstuff, and Ian Schrager's hotels as relatively small ones— never
benchmarked, studied critical success factors, or polled prospects on what
they might want. Instead, each of these companies asked the same question:
"What would people love?" Ask that question, too.
Ask—and keep asking yourself—"What would people love?"
Copyright © 2004 by Harry Beckwith