Glossary of Business Terms – “V”
Value added – Originally, the difference between the cost of bought-in materials and the eventual selling price of the finished product
Value-added tax – A tax added at each stage in the manufacture of a product. It acts as a replacement for a sales tax in almost every industrialized country outside North America.
Variable – An element of data whose changes are the object of a statistical study
Variable annuity – An annuity whose payments depend either on the success of investments that underlie it, or on the value of the index
Variable cost – A cost of production that is directly proportional to the number of units produced
Variable interest rate – An interest rate that changes, usually in relation to a standard index, during the period of the loan
Variance – The square of a standard deviation; a measure of the difference between actual performance and forecast, or standard, performance.
Venture capital – Money used to finance new companies or projects, especially those with high earning potential and high risk.
Venture Funding – The round of funding for a new company that follows seed funding provided by venture capitalists.
Venture Management – The collaboration of various sections within an organization to encourage entrepreneurial spirit, increase innovation, and produce successful new products more quickly
Verbal Contract – An agreement that is oral and not written down. It remains legally enforceable by the parties who have agreed to it.
Vertical Market – A market that is oriented to one particular specialty, for example, plastics manufacturing or transportation engineering
Viral Marketing – The rapid spread of a message about a new product or service in a similar way to the spread of a virus
Virtual Organization – A temporary network of companies, suppliers, customers, or employees, linked by information and communications technologies, with the purpose of delivering a service or product.
Virus – A computer program designed to damage or destroy computer systems and the information contained within them
Vision Statement – A statement giving a broad, aspirational image of the future that an organization is aiming to achieve.
Vlog = Comes from the phrase “video blog”. This is a blog that mainly publishes video content rather than audio content. Video podcasting is sometimes called vodcasting.
Voting rights – The rights that shareholders have to vote on matters affecting a corporation
Volume – An amount or quantity of business; the volume of a business is the total it sells over a period of time.
Vulture Capitalist – A venture capitalist who structures deals on behalf of an entrepreneur in such a way that the investors benefit rather than the entrepreneur